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Retinal and macular diseases

In recent years, significant progress has been made in macular disease treatment, leading to significantly better patient prognoses. Save your vision by making the most of all therapeutic options and the best possible treatment results.

Retina is the inner membrane of the eye, while macula is its central part where light rays are focused. Retina is a highly specialized structure responsible for receiving images of observed objects. Retinal and macular damage can occur with many systemic and local diseases and can dramatically affect vision.


Treating damage to the retina and macula is possible by applying modern therapies. Still, the results are significantly better if the treatment is initiated before more severe damage occurs. This reflects the importance of early diagnosis and timely initiation of treatment.

The most common retinal and macular diseases
  • Age-related macular degeneration

    Age-related macular degeneration is the degeneration of the part of the retina responsible for clear central vision, such as that needed for reading, so that damage to the macula leads to significant difficulties in everyday life and often the inability to perform such actions. Degenerative changes occur as a result of aging.

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  • Fundus changes in diabetes

    Diabetic retinopathy is the name for damage to the retina that occurs as a result of diabetes. The longer someone has diabetes, the more likely they are to develop diabetic retinopathy. However, it is important to emphasize that retinal changes can exist for many years before symptoms appear.

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  • Retinal blood vessel occlusions

    Reduced vision can also result from blocked blood vessels in the fundus. It can be a blockage of larger or smaller venous and arterial blood vessels that feed the retina. They can occur as a result of changes in the blood vessels due to elevated blood pressure and atherosclerosis or in the presence of some systemic coagulation disorders.

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  • High (degenerative) myopia

    High myopia usually refers to above -6 diopters and above 26 mm axial eye length. Unlike smaller minus diopters, high myopia is often associated with changes in the fundus and other structures of the eye, which can lead to visual impairment and reduced visual acuity.

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  • Retinal dystrophies

    Retinal dystrophies are a group of congenital/hereditary diseases of the retina. It is a very heterogeneous group of diseases, which affect different layers of the retina and have a very diverse clinical course and prognosis. Electrophysiological diagnosis (ERG) plays a major role in their diagnosis.

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  • Anti VEGF injections

    Anti VEGF injections are given into the eye and block vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) which is present in increased concentrations in case of many eye diseases. Anti VEGF injections have revolutionized the treatment of retinal and macular diseases and results that were unimaginable just a few years ago.

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Why choose Profesional Eye Hospital?

Most fundus changes are chronic and require long-term follow-up. That is why it is important to be treated by a doctor who is completely dedicated to you, subject to complete diagnostics and making the most of all available therapeutic options.

Quantel Easyret yellow laser

The Quantel Easyret yellow laser is a latest-generation therapeutic laser used to treat macular and retinal diseases. Profesional Eye Hospital is one of only a few regional institutions that has this type of laser.


The possibility of subliminal (below threshold) macular treatments makes it stand apart from other lasers. It is often the only therapeutic option for chronic macular swelling in people with diabetes or after vein occlusion, when other therapeutic options have failed. An integral part of the Easyret laser is the MOSAR digital visualization system, which uploads images from diagnostic devices and allows the doctor do very precisely guided laser treatments, giving better treatment results

Our expert team for retinal diseases